If you’re a non-US citizen who lives and works in America, a US citizen who lives abroad or a resident of US territory, you may have some questions about whether or not you’re able to receive aof — — or if you were supposed to get a check in the but never did.
We won’t know the exact terms of another stimulus package until Congress agrees on a deal, or who exactly. But in the meantime, we can help you figure out if you might be eligible for a based on your immigration status in the US, where you live outside the US . We’ll also explain how to for yourself or your children.
CNET has guides for everything you need to know about stimulus checks if, if , if , if or if . We’ve also mapped out when a potential and you might receive. ( can estimate that, too.)
Do you have to be a US citizen to receive a stimulus check?
Not necessarily. Under the March were eligible to receive stimulus payments. That includes people who the IRS refer to as “resident aliens,” green card holders and workers using visas such as H-1B and H-2A., all US citizens and non-US citizens with a Social Security number who live and work in America
If your citizenship status changed since you first got a social security number, you may have to update the IRS’s records to get your check through its online nonfilers tool. US citizens living abroad were also eligible for a first payment (more below).
Who does the IRS count as a US citizen?
The IRS considers all people born in the US as a US citizen, regardless of the tax or immigration status of a person’s parents. A person born outside of the US may also be a US citizen at birth if at least one parent is a US citizen and has lived in the US for a period of time.
The IRS also considers you a US citizen if you are over the age of 18 and went through a naturalization process, which typically involves living in the US for three to five years, filling out an application, going to an interview and passing a citizenship test. You’ll need a Certificate of Naturalization or Certificate of Citizenship to prove your citizenship and get a Social Security number to be eligible for a first stimulus check.
Am I considered a ‘resident alien’ and if so, am I eligible for a stimulus check?
The IRS defines “resident aliens” as green card holders and workers in the US on visas such as H-1B and H-2A, or those who have a “substantial presence” in the US. All must also have a Social Security number. Resident aliens were eligible for a first stimulus check under the CARES Act and would likely still be eligible for a second check if another stimulus package is approved — so long as they are not of another taxpayer.
If I’m an undocumented US resident, or if I don’t have a social security number, am I eligible for a stimulus check?
If you don’t have a valid Social Security number, you were likely not eligible for a stimulus payment under the CARES Act and are unlikely to be eligible for a second payment should another relief bill pass. If you filed a US tax return but do not have a Social Security number, you were still not eligible. It’s unclear if this could change in a second bill. The House of Representatives’ taxpayer identification number (ITIN), a substitute for a Social Security number, but the Senate has not taken that bill to a vote.— which is not law — extends eligibility to noncitizens as long as they have a
What if my spouse is considered a nonresident alien?
If you have a Social Security number but your spouse is a nonresident alien, and you filed taxes jointly, you will not receive a stimulus payment. If filing jointly, both spouses must have valid Social Security numbers to get a payment, unless one of them is a member of the US Armed Forces during the tax year. However, if you file your 2020 taxes separately from your spouse, you may be eligible to get a payment on your 2020 return.
If I’m a US citizen living abroad, am I eligible for a stimulus check?
Yes. US citizens living outside the country were eligible for theunder the . Assuming the qualifications remain the same if another bill passes, they would be eligible for a second check of up to $1,200 for single filers, $2,400 for married filing jointly and $500 for each . Like the rest of the US population, you would not be eligible if someone else claims you as a dependent on their taxes, or if you do not have a valid Social Security number.
If you are a US citizen abroad and meet those criteria, and filed tax form 1040 or 1040-SR (for older adults) in 2018 or 2019, the IRS should have either direct deposited your payment into your US bank account (it can’t deposit money into foreign bank accounts), or mailed it to you using your information from your 2018 or 2019 tax return or from your Social Security retirement or other federal benefits program.
If I live in a US territory, am I eligible for a stimulus check?
If you are one of the 4 million people living in a US territory — Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam or the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands — you were eligible for a stimulus check under the CARES Act. However, the IRS didn’t distribute the payments to the five territories. Instead, local tax authorities did, based on information provided by the IRS. If you live in one of the territories and did not receive a payment, you should contact your local tax authority.
What if I live in one of the Freely Associated States?
If you are a citizen or a resident of the Freely Associated States — the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands or the Republic of Palau — you may not be entitled to a payment. However, if you are a resident of a US territory for the tax year 2020 for US territory income tax purposes, you may be eligible for a payment through the US territory tax agency. You should get in touch with your local tax agency to find out.
If you are a US citizen or resident for federal income tax purposes but live in one of the Freely Associated States, you may be eligible for a payment from the IRS.
What if I didn’t file taxes for 2018 or 2019?
If you are a US citizen living abroad or a citizen of a US territory and didn’t file taxes for 2018 or 2019 but are eligible for a stimulus check under the CARES Act, you have until Nov. 21 toto claim your stimulus payment. This tool will ask you to provide information including your name, address, social security number and banking information.
One caveat: You should not use the nonfilers tool if you still plan on filing a 2019 tax return (for instance, if you), as it would slow down the processing of your return and refund, according to the IRS. (Find out .)
What should I do if I live abroad or in a US territory and didn’t receive my first check?
If you meet all of the eligibility requirements but did not receive your first payment under the CARES Act, you can try IRS Get My Payment webpage. If you didn’t file your taxes for 2018 or 2019, you have until Nov. 21 to use the IRS’ nonfilers tool to .by visiting the
What if I live abroad or in a US territory and didn’t receive the extra $500 per child dependent?
If you have a child dependent age 16 or younger who IRS nonfilers tool by Nov. 21 to claim that money. If you miss that deadline, you’ll have to wait until 2021 to claim your stimulus payment on behalf of eligible dependents. But again, if you’re still planning to file a 2019 tax return, you shouldn’t use the nonfilers tool., you can still file using the
How would a second check arrive if I live overseas?
A second check would likely arrive the same way that a first one did. If you’re living overseas or in a US territory, it’s likely that your first check was eitherinto your US bank account (the IRS cannot deposit money into foreign bank accounts), or that it was mailed to the address the IRS has on file for you, based on your tax return or from your Social Security retirement or other federal benefits program.
If another relief package and second stimulus payment is approved, you’ll be able to IRS Get My Payment webpage.by visiting the
For more information about stimulus payments, here’sif it passes. And if you still haven’t received your stimulus check and you think it’s lost or missing, try this to file a report.